What is Title IX?

Title IX is a comprehensive federal law enacted in 1972 as part of the Higher Education Act to prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity.  Title IX applies to colleges and universities that receive federal financial assistance, including Palomar College.  Title IX states, in part:

No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.

Title IX prohibits actual, attempted, or threatened sexual harassment, sexual violence, domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking related to education, employment, and other services provided by Palomar College.  Examples of the types of conduct that violate Title IX and relevant laws in California include, but are not limited, to:

  • Rape
  • Oral copulation without consent
  • Forcible fondling (touching the genitals, anus, or breasts without consent)
  • Dating violence or domestic violence (violence committed by a current or previous intimate or romantic partner, spouse or domestic partner, or a person who shares custody of a child with the victim)
  • Exposing genitals, breasts, or buttocks to another person in an unwelcome manner
  • Pressure for sexual activity
  • Sexual innuendo, comments, noises, and gestures
  • Ogling or leering
  • Sexually explicit questions
  • Requests for sexual favors (i.e. quid pro quo harassment)
  • Unwelcome touching, including, but not limited, to hugging, patting, stroking, squeezing, rubbing, or pinching
  • Spreading rumors about a person’s sexuality or sexual activity
  • Name-calling related to gender or sexuality (i.e, “whore;” “fag”)
  • Displaying or sending sexually suggestive electronic content (i.e. emails, voicemails, text messages, and posts on social media)
  • Pervasive displays of sexually explicit or graphic content (such as pictures, calendars, and cartoons)
  • Stalking a person (can occur physically or through communication methods like phone, email, texting, and social media)