Basic principles of general biology as they relate to the cellular, organismic, and population levels of organization. Includes cell ultrastructure and function, energy transfer, reproduction, genetics, evolution, diversity of organisms, and ecology. Not open to students with prior credit in BIOL 100. CSU; UC*; BIOL 101 plus 101L equals CAN BIOL 2. Closed Captioned
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Biology: The Fabric of Life
1) The Nature of Science
Process and product of science; characteristics of quality science.
Anecdotal science (testimonials); placebo effect, blind studies, double blind studies.
2) Basic Chemistry: Atomic Structure
Atomic structure; atomic symbol, mass, number; electron distribution; valence shells, periodic table.
3) Basic Chemistry: Chemical Bonding and Reactions
Ionic and covalent bonds.
4) Biochemistry: General Concepts and Important Inorganics
Organic and inorganic molecules; characteristics of water; acids, bases, and buffers;
Expanded discussion of buffers.
5) Biochemistry: Carbohydrates and Proteins
Structure and function of common carbohydrates; protein structure; factors that affect protein structure; relationship between protein structure and function.
6) Biochemistry: Protein Function and Other Organics
Protein functions (enzymes and other functions); lipids; nucleic acids.
7) Plasma Membranes and Solutions
Membrane structure; solutions; diffusion, osmosis, dialysis; active and facilitated transport.
8) Cells and Their Structures
Surface area to volume ratio; microscopy; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, and their structures/organelles.
9) Energetics: An Overview
First and second laws of energy; exergonic and endergonic reactions; ATP; overview of photosynthesis and cellular oxidation of glucose; energy flow in nature (food chain and food web); energy pyramid.
10) Energetics: Pieces of the Energy Puzzle
Oxidation and reduction; enzymatic pathways and cycles; photosystems; electron transport systems; substrate level and oxidative(chemiosmotic) phosphorylation.
Light and dark reactions; stomata control; C-4 and CAM pathways.
12) The Cellular Oxidation of Glucose
Glycolysis and cellular respiration; metabolic relationships between proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates.
13) DNA Structure and Replication
Discovery of DNA 3-D shape; DNA structure; chromosomal replication.
14) Protein Synthesis: Transcription and Translation
DNA vs. RNA; types of RNA; central dogma; transcription and translation.
15) Mutation and Control of Gene Expression
Types and effects of mutation; mechanisms of activating and inhibiting gene expression.
Ploidy; cell cycle; stages of mitosis; role in nature; karyotypes.
17) Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction
Role of mitosis and meiosis in sexual reproduction; stages of meiosis; chromosomal abnormalities.
18) Mendel and Single Trait Inheritance
Important terminology; Mendel’s experiments; the six basic single trait crosses.
19) Solving Problems
Single trait crosses; pedigrees; complete and incomplete dominance; multiple alleles; Landsteiner blood types
More Landsteiner; Rh blood types; other human traits
20) Multiple Trait Inheritance
Multiple gene problems; independent assortment.
21) Exceptions to Expected Outcomes
Epistasis; X-linked inheritance; Lyonization; polygenic inheritance
22) Genetic Technology
DNA fingerprinting technology
23) More Genetic Technology
PCR; gene cloning; recombinant technology/genetic modification; stem cells; organismal cloning
24) Evolution of a Theory
Darwin and other contributors; fitness; homology.
Defining biological evolution; chemosynthetic theory of origin of life.
25) Modern Evolutionary Theory
Forces and evidence of evolution: inheritance, random genetic change, natural selection.
More on Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium
26) Modern Theory and Speciation
Forces and evidence of evolution: genetic drift and migration; speciation.
27) More Evidence and Human Evolution
Fossil record and intermediate forms; human evolution; punctuated equilibrium; developmental, behavioral, morphological homology
28) Systematics and the Prokaryotic Domains
Defining systematics; classification; traditional and cladistic approaches; Linnaean hierarchy; domains of life; Eubacteria; Archaea
Prions and viruses
29) Excavates and Other Protists
Protist characteristics; the four Superkingdoms; Examples of Superkingdom Excavata; Examples of Superkingdom SAR
30) Fungi and Primitive Plants
Fungal life cycles: Chytrids, Zygomycota, Basidiomycota, Ascomycota; Algae; Lichens; plant life cycles; vascular tissues; Mosses.
31) Ferns and Conifers
Fern life cycle; seeds; Gymnosperms and life cycles.
32) Flowering Plants & Animal Introduction
Flower structure; Angiosperm life cycle; Monocots and Dicots; Animal characteristics and development
33) Animal Diversity Part 1
Animal systematics through Arthropoda.
34) Animal Diversity Part 2
Animal systematics through Vertebrata.
Mammalian Orders and global distribution.
35) Poplulation Dynamics
Population curves; human population; limiting factors; birth rate; death rate; growth rate; doubling time; net migration; limiting growth
Disease; modes to control human and nonhuman populations.
Ecosystem structure; marine, aquatic, and terrestrial ecosystems.
Net primary productivity and biomass.
37) Ecosystem Dynamics
Succession; feedback; synergy; biological magnification; population cycles; techniques for monitoring and evaluating ecosystems.
38) Cycling and Species Management
Nitrogen, phosphorus, carbon-oxygen, and water cycles; endangered species; island ecosystems; corridors; edge effects; alien species; trophic cascade.
Federal agencies and lands
39) Extinction and Global Concerns
Causes of extinction; greenhouse warming; ozone depletion; other concerns.
Water and air pollution.