Links for the Oceanography Lab El Niņo Exercise (8th Edition):

Note About Links to Images: Images are PDF files and require Adobe Reader.
If your computer does not have this program, it may be downloaded for free at: http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html

n  Part I:  Equatorial Pacific TAO Means and Anomalies

The TAO Story (Animation requires Adobe Flash Player): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nzBAWirHMvA&feature=youtu.be
(Duration of three minutes).

 

Figure 6October 22, 2008 TAO image

 

Figures 7 and 8—November 1997 and November 1998 TAO images

 

TAO/TRITON Most Recent Data:  http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/tao/jsdisplay/

 

 

n  Part II: Ocean Surface Topography From Space – Equatorial Pacific

Figure 9—JPL Ocean Surface Topography—November 1997

 

Figure 10—JPL Ocean Surface Topography—November 1998

 

JPL El Niņo/La Niņa Watch Most Recent Image:
http://sealevel.jpl.nasa.gov/science/elninopdo/elnino

 

 

n  Part III: CoastWatch Images of the West Coast of North America

 

Figure 11—CoastWatch—November 1997

 

Figure 12—CoastWatch—November 1998

CoastWatch Most Recent Image:  http://coastwatch.pfel.noaa.gov/elnino.html

 

 

n  Part IV: Records of ENSO ― The Southern Oscillation Index (SOI)

Figure 13—SOI 1950–2008 for air pressure gradients between Darwin, Australia and Tahiti, French Polynesia.

  

n  Part V: Impacts of ENSO

Figure 14—U.S. Precipitation Anomalies

 

Table 1 and Figure 15—Influence of El Niņo on Hurricane Formation

 

Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab:
(Select the MPEG-1 animation; duration 19 seconds)

http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/a010000/a010000/a010047/

 

NASA Scientific Visualization Studio:

http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/stories/elnino/gallery/index.html

 

Figure 16—Pacific sardine spawning

 

* Take the U.S. Navy's El Niņo Quiz

Check with your lab instructor before completing this.