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Before you begin your search for information, it helps to understand when and how information is published
so you can look for the correct resources, such as books, articles or
websites. Information about an event like the September 11 terrorist attacks
would first appear in newspapers, websites, and radio and television broadcasts.
This information would consist primarily of reactions to the event and some
details. A week or so later, information on the event will appear in popular magazines and other sources of news analysis
with more details and reflections. A month later, information will begin to appear in professional magazines and more in-depth news reports and
will include analyses of the event. Six months later, articles in professional journals and conference proceedings began to appear
containing research and statistics about the event. After a year or so, books, government reports and articles in scholarly journals
are published with complete information on the event. Finally, several years later, the event is the topic of a number of scholarly books and journal articles, and even reference works like encyclopedias include entries on the subject.
The information timeline below shows the process of information
publication. Roll your mouse over the each timeframe to see a sample of the sources where information is likely to be published.
Timeline adapted from the Library Research Tutorials from the
University of North Carolina Libraries
What if your instructor told you that you needed to find a
scholarly or academic article for your paper, would you know where to find one?
And if so, how would you determine what is scholarly and what is not?
Scholarly vs. Popular Material Guide from NC State University Library to
help you figure out what type of article you need for your project, paper or
speech. Or, watch this video on how to distinguish between popular and scholarly sources.
There are two ways that you can use the Palomar College
Library: online at palomar.edu/library and in-person.
ONLINE gives you access to the Library's e-book collection
found in the
catalog, articles from our
databases, interlibrary loan,
book renewals and holds, and research by subject
guides with recommended websites. All you need is your e-services username
and password to get to all this valuable information from any internet connected
When you visit the library IN-PERSON you have
all of the resources of the library available to you, as well as help from
librarians and library staff to get the information that you need.
Look at the
2nd floor map of the Palomar Library to find the Librarian Reference Desk,
the Circulation/Checkout Desk, computers with internet connection and printers,
video and DVD collections, reference materials and periodicals.
3rd floor map of
the Palomar Library shows you where the circulating books are located, the study
rooms and the catalog use only computers.
Library Information page gives you details on book check-out policies and
library hours as well as much more.
Being able to evaluate the information that you find on the internet is a
crucial skill for anyone who uses the web and an important part of becoming
information literate, This guide to
Evaluating Web Content, from the University Libraries at the University of
Albany, is a good start to understanding how you can determine if the
information that you found using Google.com is good, scholarly or just bad information. You can click here (PDF)
to download an Adobe PDF copy of "The Guide to Evaluating Web Content."
This video clip on
Researching Online for College Students is a quick introduction to
evaluating information from the internet. Click here for a
transcript of the
Citation style guide page has a variety of informative citation websites as well as
PDF versions of the citation guides, including
other styles. These will assist you in creating "works cited" or
Bibliography pages. They will also help you prevent plagiarism in your
papers or projects.
Plagiarism is a serious problem for college students and it is crucial that you
know what it is and how to avoid it. According to Palomar's Academic Integrity
Code of Conduct, Board Policy 305, plagiarism is defined as "false
representation of anotherís work as oneís own." Take a look at UCLA's "Oops,
I Plagiarized" to get a good understanding of what is considered plagiarism
and how to avoid it by using citations and quotations correctly in your paper,
projects and speeches.
There are two Counseling 110 library assignments available from the library.
Exploration Assignment: This assignment gives students an opportunity to
explore the library by finding resources from different areas within the
2) Library Research
Assignment: This assignment helps to student to discover library resources
that they can use to complete research projects, speeches and papers.
Instructors, would you like your class to have more information on library
resources, be able to access information and become information competent?
Request Library instruction for your class!
Click on the following link to request Palomar College Library instruction
for your Counseling Class.