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USING PROQUEST NEWSPAPERS (ADVANCED)

Stop words
Include/Exclude Terms
Search for "stop words" or Boolean Operators
Phrase Searching
Truncation Wildcard
Exact Character Replacement Wildcard
Limiting to Full-Text Articles
Dates (Exact)
Date Ranges
Proximity Searching
Choosing a Search Method

SEARCH FEATURE TECHNIQUE EXAMPLE
Stop words see ProQuest "Help" for list of stop words To find "The Hand that Rocks the Cradle" search as "Hand Rocks Cradle"
Include/Exclude Terms and

include terms in same paragraph or specified field

w/doc

include terms anywhere

or

include either or both terms

and not

exclude term

In multi-boolean searching, terms connected by OR are searched first, then AND, then AND NOT

"Nest" phrases using parenthesis: system searches everything in parenthesis first, then merges results with terms outside of parenthesis.

BOSNIA AND BALKANS AND NOT SERBIA

articles in which Bosnia and the Balkans are mentioned in the same paragraph, but where Serbia is not mentioned anywhere.

BOSNIA W/DOC BALKANS

articles in which Bosnia and Balkans are mentioned somewhere in the text

(BOSNIA OR CROATIA) AND SERBIA

articles that contain either "Bosnia, Croatia, and Serbia" or "Bosnia and Serbia" or "Croatia and Serbia"

Search for ‘stop words’ or boolean operators "..." (quotation marks)

Enclose word in quotation marks

sink "or" swim

articles containing the words
"sink," "or," and "swim" (system will not treat "or" as stop word)

Phrase Searching 2 terms:

type phrase as you want it searched

3 or more terms:

type words any order; Proquest searches each term individually within in the same paragraph.

United States

searches for the words together in sequence

Hard Rock Cafe

searches for "hard," "rock," and "cafe in the same paragraph but not necessarily in sequence.

Truncation Wildcard ? (question mark)

use one at end of term for unlimited character replacement

ENVIRON? finds "environment" and "environmental" 
Exact Character Wildcard * (asterix)

use one or more to replace exact number of characters

PSYCH****Y finds "psychology," and "psychiatry" but not "psychotherapy"
Full-text articles only At Results List, click "View Only Full Text"  
Dates (Exact) Type field name followed by date in parenthesis.

Alphanumeric format only (as it appears in citation without punctuation), use:

DA

Alphanumeric OR numeric formats (incl. variants), use:

PDN

 

Date appears in citation as:

Apr 20, 1999

find by typing any of these:

da(apr 20 1999) >omit comma
da(20 apr 1999)

da(apr and 1999)

da(apr)

da(1999)

OR

pdn(apr 20, 1999) >incl. comma

pdn(april 20, 1999) >inc. comma

pdn(apr 1999

pdn(apr and 1999)

pdn(4/20/99)

pdn(4/20/1999)

pdn(4/99)

pdn(1999)

Date Ranges Before a specific date:

PDN(<mm/dd/yyyy)

After a specific date:

PDN(>mm/dd/yyyy)

Between specific dates:

PDN(>yyyy AND <yyyy)

Note: for numeric dates, year may be in 2 or 4 digits, and date can be represented by year alone, month/year, or month/day/year

PDN(<1994)

searches for publication dates on or before December 31, 1994.

PDN(>july 01, 1997) searches for dates after July 1, 1997

PDN(>6/12/1994 AND <10/3/1995)

searches for dates after June 12, 1994, and before October 3, 1995

 

Proximity Searching Use to specify that words must be in specific order and within specific number of words from each other. Consists of letter and number:

W#

words must appear within # of each other

NOT/w#

words must be at least # apart from each other

PRE/#

first word(s) must precede second word(s) by no more than #

sink w2 swim

"sink" must appear within 2 or fewer words of "swim"

sink not/w5 swim

sink must not appear within 5 words of swim

world pre/3 web

finds ‘world web,’ ‘world wide web,’ and ‘world in the wide web’

 

 

WHICH TYPE OF SEARCH TO DO?

TYPE OF SEARCH WHAT IS SEARCHED BENEFITS/LIMITS
Basic (Default) Keywords in title, citation, abstract OR entire article

(default)

OR

any field specified

Easy to use: simple keyword or phrase searching or any field in record

OR

Very powerful capability for complex searches: can specify fields, dates, etc. using command language

Advanced Words or phrases in field index selected Guides you through field searching using input form and pull-down menus.

Not as flexible as command-language searching in Basic mode

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