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Using InfoTrac (Advanced)

Stop words
Include/Exclude Terms (Boolean)
Include/Exclude Terms (Relevancy)
Wildcard - Unlimited Character Replacement
Wildcard - Exact Character Replacement
Wildcard - Exact or Zero Character Replacement
Limiting to Peer-Reviewed Articles
Limiting to Full-Text Articles
Date Ranges
Phrase Searching
Proximity Searching
Choosing a Search Method

SEARCH FEATURE TECHNIQUE EXAMPLE
Stop words a, an, for, in, of, that, the, this To find "The Hand that Rocks the Cradle" search as "Hand Rocks Cradle"
Include/Exclude Terms

(basic or advanced search)

and, or, not to include or exclude terms

One or more booleans in a phrase: system searches first for everything connected by NOT, followed by AND, then OR.

"Nest" phrases using parenthesis: system searches everything in parenthesis first, then merges results with terms outside of parenthesis.

SERBIA OR CROATIA AND BOSNIA

articles containing either both "Croatia" and "Bosnia" and/or "Serbia." An article about the Serbian/Bosnian conflict that didn’t mention Croatia would not be included.

BOSNIA AND BALKANS NOT SERBIA

articles about Bosnia and the Balkans in which Serbia is not mentioned.

(BOSNIA OR CROATIA) AND SERBIA

articles that contain either "Bosnia" or "Croatia" that also discuss "Serbia"

Include/Exclude Terms

(relevancy search)

+ (plus)

to include word or phrase

– (minus)

to exclude word or phrase

doctors +pediatricians

articles about doctors discussing pediatricians

presidents –"United States"

articles that discuss presidents of places/things other than the United States

Unlimited Character Wildcard * (asterix)

to match one or more characters (keyword searches must include at least two characters before the wildcard)

DOG* finds "dogs," "dogmatic," "dogfish," but not "dog"

COLL*GE finds "college," "collage," and "collenge"

Exact Character Wildcard ? (question mark)

use one or more to replace exact number of characters (keyword searches must include at least two characters before the wildcard)

PSYCH????Y finds "psychology," and "psychiatry" but not "psychotherapy"
Exact or Zero Character Wildcard ! (exclamation point)

use one or more to replace exact or zero number of characters (keyword searches must include at least two characters before the wildcard)

COLO!R finds "color" or "colour"

 

 

Peer-Reviewed articles only Basic Search:

click "Limit the current search to refereed publications"

Advanced Search:

type: re ref

ti (sink and swim) and re ref

peer-reviewed articles containing words "sink" and "swim" (advanced search)

Full-text articles only Basic Search:

click "Limit the current search to articles with text"

Advanced Search:

type: ac fulltext

ti (sink and swim) and ac fulltext

full-text articles containing words "sink" and "swim" (advanced search)

Date Ranges Basic Search:

fill in date under "Limit the current search by date"

Advanced Search:

must include index abbreviation followed by range term or mathematic symbol:

before or <

after or >

to or

since or >=

DA<January 1, 1999

DA before January 1, 1999

articles with publication dates earlier than January 1, 1999 (advanced search)

Exact Word or Phrase Searching "..." (quotation marks)

Enclose word or phrase in quotation marks; use to ignore words that system might misinterpret as stop words or index abbreviations

"sink or swim"

articles with this exact phrase

sink "or" swim

articles containing "sink," "or," and "swim" anywhere (system will not treat "or" as stop word)

"jn"

articles containing "jn" (e.g., author’s first initials). System will not treat as index abbreviation for Journal Name

Proximity Searching Use to specify that words must be in specific order and within specific number of words from each other. Consists of letter and number:

W#

words before and after must appear within # of words specified and exact order

N#

words must appear within # of words specified, any order

sink w2 swim

"sink" must appear within 2 or fewer words before "swim"

sink n5 swim

words must appear within 5 words of each other, any order

WHICH TYPE OF SEARCH TO DO?

TYPE OF SEARCH WHAT IS SEARCHED BENEFITS/LIMITS
Basic (Default) Keywords in title, citation, abstract OR entire article

(default)

 

Easy to use: simple keyword or phrase searching or any field in record

Sorts by publication date

Except for subject, can’t restrict words to specific field

Basic (Subject guide) Subject terms in subject index fields Browse list of topics for concepts
Advanced Words or phrases in index fields you select. To search specific index fields, alone or in combination

Sorts by publication date

Difficult to use

Relevancy Keywords in title, citation, abstract OR entire article

(default)

Words in title, author, or subject fields in combination.

Searches for words or phrases AND variations on those words, alone and in combination.

Sorts by relevancy (what system interprets as "best matches")

Maximum 200 records retrieved.

Results sometimes confusing.

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